About 1500 different types of apple grow in our home gardens. What a variety and what a treasure. An apple contains an average of approximately 85% water, between 10% -18% carbohydrates, 0,3% raw protein, 03% fat and 0,32% minerals and trace elements. It is a low-calorie snack that also contains vitamins and trace elements. A strong antioxidant activity in the apple has been proven.
There is also evidence that the risk of developing asthma, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer is reduced by eating apples. Researchers found that apple juice and various ingredients from it suppress inflammation and counteract cancer-promoting changes. Regular consumption of apples and especially cloudy apple juice can lower the risk of inflammatory bowel diseases and colon cancer. The aging process is also counteracted.
The old varieties in particular contain many bioactive substances and vitamin C, whereas the new varieties hardly contain these ingredients.
Apple trees not only grow in the home gardens, entire areas are characterized by apple trees. Orchard meadows are an indispensable cultural landscape with high-stemmed fruit trees. Today, low-stemmed fruit trees are planted in monocultures in professional orchards. As is the case wherever monocultures are cultivated, intensive chemical treatment is required to eliminate pests. Once they are infected, they spread rapidly and can destroy entire systems. On the orchards, however, the trees are not planted so densely, different varieties with different flowering times ensure a regular yield.
There are also varieties planted in the home gardens and on the orchards that are not used in professional facilities because the yield is not high enough or the fruit does not correspond to the spirit of the times. New varieties are preferred, the old varieties with their diverse flavors and valuable ingredients are completely neglected and are threatened with extinction.
The number of varieties is steadily declining even in domestic gardens, as nurseries mainly offer newer varieties. It is therefore completely incomprehensible that there are plans in the EU to ban the trading and even giving away of old fruit varieties.
Treat yourself to one apple a day and if you have the opportunity to buy an Rhenish bean apple, a Gravensteiner, the Gold-Renette or the Kaiser Wilhelm, you can grab them. Your health and well-being will thank you.